The two most common diseases found in adult dogs are related to their dental health. Periodontitis (inflammation of the tissues surrounding a tooth) and dental calculus (the accumulation of mineral salts or tartar on the teeth) are not only the biggest problems veterinarians see, but they are also among the easiest to prevent.
Dogs and expenses, just like in humans, have a provisional denture (baby teeth) that precedes the definitive one. The latter eruption usually completes at 10-12 months of life, in the case of dogs. This means that practically all dogs around one year old already have the teeth that will accompany them for the rest of their lives. For this reason, it is important that owners take care and monitor the dental state of their pets, since their present and future well-being depends on it.
Diseases that affect the teeth and other related structures, such as dental plaque, are more common in the canine species than in the feline. Tartar or plaque occurs because of the crystallization of the mineral salts in saliva (carbonates and phosphates of calcium and magnesium) and the deposit of food debris, cells, and germs on the teeth.
The result is a darkening of the denture and a marked halitosis, characteristic of many dental pathologies.
Dental plaque cannot always be avoided, but we can give a series of tips to all owners to take care of the dental health of their pets at home, including: they must provide a nutritious and balanced diet, regular brushing at home is very useful To prevent the accumulation of food debris, use products specially made for the dental hygiene of the animal (nylon bones, etc.) and hard foods (hard bread) are a good complement for brushing (taking due care with these latest), among other tips.
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